31 Mar 2016
Is Perimenopause Stealing YOUR Sleep?
If you’re over 40 and suddenly find yourself lying awake night after night or waking up WAAAYYYY too early in the morning, chances are good that your hormones are to blame.
I hear you…and feel your pain. Chronic insomnia is one of the most debilitating symptoms of perimenopause for a lot of women (myself included).
There’s nothing worse (IMHO) than lying awake staring at the clock while your hormones are having a party!!
Lack of sleep makes you cranky… that’s bad enough. But long-term insomnia can lead to other problems obesity, diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, depression, and impaired immune function.
Why do so many women suffer with insomnia in perimenopause?
Low levels of progesterone (the most common hormone imbalance in perimenopause) contribute to sleep problems. In perimenopause lack of ovulation leads to dramatic drops in progesterone.
When low progesterone is your problem, you’ll most likely be waking up at 1 or 2 AM. If perimenopause is a relatively recent development for you, chasteberry may be a good supplement to try. It helps balance out estrogen and progesterone. Progesterone supplements are another option. Oral progesterone capsules (prescription only) are most effective for insomnia although the over-the-counter creams can be helpful as well.
In addition to an imbalance of sex hormones during perimenopause, a lot of women suffer with high levels of the stress hormone cortisol, which can contribute significantly to chronic insomnia.
Cortisol is one of your “fight or flight” hormones. In a perfect world, your cortisol levels are high in the morning and gradually decrease during the day to very low levels at bedtime. But in our overstressed world, many women have a bedtime RISE in cortisol.
This interferes with restorative REM sleep, and interrupts sleep rhythms. That’s why so many women in perimenopause say they are able to fall asleep, but can’t stay asleep. High cortisol levels can also cause racing, panicky thoughts, heart palpitations, and even panic attacks. If you have high levels of cortisol, you will not be able to sleep even if you are exhausted. Women often describe this feeling as “tired but wired.”
How to Balance Hormones and Lower Cortisol Naturally
The most obvious way to control cortisol is to reduce stress. That’s easier said than done for most of us. You can’t just press an “OFF” button on your life! But there are changes that can help. Consider these ideas:
- Learn to say NO. It’s a complete sentence.
- Sometimes “good enough” is good enough. Be willing to accept imperfection.
- Get regular exercise…but not too close to bedtime.
- Avoid caffeine and alcohol. Both elevate cortisol levels. Alcohol also increases estrogen levels which may worsen imbalances with progesterone.
- Unplug at least an hour before bedtime. Screen light interferes with melatonin production.
- Try a magnesium supplement before bed. Magnesium is a calming mineral. I like magnesium glycinate because it’s least likely to cause diarrhea.
It may be tempting to resort to over-the-counter sleep aids (they contain antihistamines) or prescription sleep medications. But these don’t treat the root cause of insomnia and may make you dependent. Over time, they work less effectively… which means you need higher and higher doses to do the job. As someone who’s been there and done that, I don’t recommend this approach. Get to the bottom of the problem.
There are supplements that can help with balancing hormones and controlling cortisol. However, it’s best to target these to your specific imbalance. Saliva testing is an easy, non-invasive way to find out exactly what’s going on. If you’re suffering from insomnia and want to know more, Let’s Talk.
Dr. Anna Garrett is a menopause expert and Doctor of Pharmacy. She helps women who are struggling with symptoms of perimenopause and menopause find natural hormone balancing solutions so they can rock their mojo through midlife and beyond. Her clients would tell you that her real gift is helping them reclaim parts of themselves they thought were gone forever.
Find out more about working with her at https://www.drannagarrett.com/work-with-me/.